improvisation

improvisation is making stuff up.

in order to improvise first you got to think of the rhythm. you got to think some rhythm forth (first) and play some notes that go with that rhythm (barry harris), using all our concepts on a given harmony.

when i make people think rhythm i say dabadubidubaduba. that’s a phrase for me. (barry harris)
one chorus is few rhythms (phrases) put together.  one song is few choruses

to improvise there are few things to do:

                                            keep the time

first put metronome and tap your foot

barry likes to put metronome 1 and 3  on all the beats. other guys say to put it on 2 and 4

tap your foot on 1 and 3 or on all 4 beats

barry likes to say “you tap your foot on 1 and 3 and klap on 2 and 4 “.


                                 rhythmically learn 12, 16, 32 bars or any form of a song
music goes in 2 bar, 4 bar and 8 bar phrases
learn one rhythm no notes just say dabadabadabadaba, learn second rhythm, third and so forth. put those rhythms together into form of a song, starting from last bar of the song; from first bar of the song, from second bar and so on
you have to hum it or drum first with no notes. later put notes.
so put few different rhythms into 12 bar or 16 or 32 bar form
                                            
                                learn the song, changes and the form

take any song

learn and analyze the song to know the harmony in order to see which scales to use                                                                

learn song in time so put metronome
1 exercise is to put metronome on 2 and 4  or 1 and 3  and  say chord quality in roman numbers (numerals) in proper time space through the whole song. analize everything relative to home key. now you are seeing how song flows+ you are learning to play it in all keys + you know which scales to play over it

see how many bars does the song have, see the changes, see the sections

do the scale outline or do the scale outline with chords and change them here and there, and here use the harmony for example.

                              put notes on the rhythms  

put some notes on the rhythms. you should put notes from the correct scales to outline harmony                                

                                      
                                  practicing improvisation

idea is to make up as many phrases as possible. make up some rhythm forth and then play some notes that go with that rhythm on some harmony.  for those notes use(apply) stuff that you practice on scales. try same phrase on any bar. on same bar you can keep the rhythm but change the notes. in other bars

make up a phrase with application of dom7 or maj ,min scales
put extra notes using our rules when starting from:
any note,
when using miscellaneous rule
8th note triplet
third,
triad,
4 note chords
when starting a semi tone bellow a root of a chord

and combine it with
pivoting chords and scales
surrounding
dim

5,4,3,2 phrases and other barries handy phrases

                              learning the rhythm - phrase

practice rhythm in time

you have to hum it or drum it and then play it

phrases go in 2 bar, 4 bar and 8 bar phrases
to learn one phrase copy it or invent by yourself and add some notes to it
keep rhythm same but change the notes - phrase stays the same but notes change

a)  copy it first from bird, barry or bud and then keep rhythm same but change the notes. learn charlie parker tunes and copy 1 or more phrases -rhythms of each song by ear or take songs (heads) from bird  and copy phrase from where is written down

put barrie’s record and to get the phrase from some song
(play along with the records for the shape of the phrase (just be rhythmic), you do not care about notes – get the rhythm
play phrase with 1 note just to get it
play phrase with all the notes to get it right(howard)

keep rhythm same + keep the principle      
b) invent one yourself
put on metronome and make up phrases
play with recording and make up your own lines


                     learning the scales that outline harmony of a song


practice those scales that outline harmony.

practice those scales separately using all our exercises

practice them in time

run them in all different ways. run them into each other (using surrounding, dim, chromatic scale)

idea is to make up as many phrases as possible. so put notes on some rhythm and use stuff you practice and try it on songs on any bars



                        different exercise to practice improvisation

the idea is to play some notes using correct scales over some rhythms

put the metronome on 1 and 3

1)  think on rhythm first (forth) and play some notes that go with that rhythm (barry harris) on a given harmony. andrea says make a statement then pause then again think on other rhythm forth and play some notes. phrases go in 2 bar, bar and 8 bar phrases.

2)  learn one whole chorus of a song just metronomicaly singing rhythm eg 8 bars or 12 bars or 16 bars. on blues or any other song put a metronome on 2 and 4 and everybody has to make up a 12 bar solo on blues just rhythm with their voice and then we just go around, and we trade 4s and trade 2s and at top of it you have to keep a truck of where you are in the form, sometimes i’ll go like this and ask what bar or what chord we are on, and everybody has to say at what bar we are in, and we do that with all the songs we learn, and after that when everybody starts sounding good just with the voice and not pitch then we would go to the instrument, and do the same thing. you are doing 2 things at the same time. you are making small rhythmic phrases and also you are keeping truck of where you are in the tune(howard)

learn rhythm of the whole head and super impose rhythm of whole charlie parker song on other songs
an example would be to learn rhythm of anthropology and apply it on cherokee.


3)  on rhythm changes: hum 2 bar phrase, in next 2 bars play that phrase and go like this through whole song.
4)  instead of 2 bar do same with 4 bars  

      4) humbone.  
         we say (play) 2 bar phrase on some two bars, then we put different rhythm on the notes in the next 2 bars, and you have to go through whole solo like this – this is like 2 bar answering phrases.

          we say (play) 4 bar phrase on some 4 bars, then we put different rhythm on the notes in the next 4 bars and you have to go through whole solo like this - this is like 4 bar answering phrases




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