Quartals

Quartal Permutations over ii-V7-I Progressions, by "7"


b3 = min 3rd interval above root
b7 = min 7th interval above root
#7 = Maj 7th interval above root


Minor quality voicings:
1 11 b7 (m11)
9 5 1 (m9)
11 b7 b3 (m11)
5 8 11 (m11)
6 9 5 (m13)

dominant 7 quality voicings:
9 5 1 (9th)
3 6 9 (13th)
6 9 5 (13th)

Major quality voicings:
9 5 1 (Maj9)
3 6 9 (Maj6/9)
6 9 5 (Maj6/9)
#7 3 6 (Maj13no11)

* * * * * *

ii-V7-I progressions:

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) descend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) descend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) descend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) descend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) same
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) descend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * *

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) descend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) descend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) descend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) descend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) descend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) same
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * *

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) ascend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) ascend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) same
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) ascend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#min 1 11 b7 ( C# F# B ) ascend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * * * * * * *

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) descend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) same
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * *

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) descend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) descend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) descend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) descend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) descend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) same
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * *

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) same
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) same
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) same
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) same
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#min 9 5 1 ( D# G# C# ) same
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * * * * * * *

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) ascend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) ascend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) descend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) ascend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) same
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) ascend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * *

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) ascend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) ascend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) ascend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) descend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) ascend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) same
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * *

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) descend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) descend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) same
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) descend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 11 b7 b3 ( F# B E ) descend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * *

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) same
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) same
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) descend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) same
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) same
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) same
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * *

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) descend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) ascend
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) same
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * *

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) descend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) descend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) same
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) descend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 5 8 11 ( G# C# F# ) descend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * * * * * * * * *

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) descend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# D# F# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) descend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# D# F# ) descend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) descend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# D# F# ) same
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) descend
F#7 9 5 1 ( G# D# F# ) ascend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * *

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) same
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) same
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) same
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) descend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) same
F#7 3 6 9 ( A# D# G# ) same
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * *

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj 9 5 1 ( C# F# B )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) same
Bmaj 3 6 9 ( D# G# C# )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) ascend
Bmaj 6 9 5 ( G# C# F# )

C#m 6 9 5 ( A# D# G# ) ascend
F#7 6 9 5 ( D# G# C# ) descend
Bmaj #7 3 6 ( A# D# G# )

* * * * * * * * * * * * * *


Some melodic ideas for quartals!

1. Simple arpeggiation can sound terrific (especially when each chord only gets two beats)

2. Play the following very rapidly in succession over Cm7

Bb F C

C G D

Eb Bb F

F C G

G D A

Bb F C

G D A

F C G

Eb Bb F

C G D

Bb F C

Immediately obvious to any casual observer is the fact
that all of the above notes fall into C dorian.

3. Another way to use quartals in a melodic sense is to utilize the "mega-scale" concept.
What if we had up a scale that was all made up of perfect 4ths???

How about this one:

E A D G C


But HEY! Do you notice what I notice? If you rearrange those notes,
it's the pentatonic scale! ( C D E G A ).

And as all musicians know, YOU CAN USE THE PENTATONIC SCALE OVER ALMOST EVERYTHING!

* * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Here are some great comping ideas for quartals (mostly for keyboard):

1. Play different quartals in the right and left hands (using contrary motion when possible).
This gives a fuller chord texture and provides more harmonic interest.

example (in C):

Dm (ii minor) LH: 9 5 1 ( E A D ) RH: 11 b7 b3 ( G C F ) = 1 b3 5 b7 9 11
G7 (V7 domin) LH: 3 6 9 ( B E A ) RH: 9 5 1 ( A D G ) = 1 3 5 9 13
CMaj7 (Major7) LH: 6 9 5 ( A D G ) RH: 9 5 1 ( D G C ) = 1 5 6 9

2. Rootless chords in one hand - quartals in the other. Mix and match.

3. Subsitute quartals in the left hand instead of rootless chords.

4. If you don't have a bass player, play your standard walking bass in the left hand
and the appropriate quartals in the right.

  Message number: 23783

Thanks guys. I might give that a try, if I can come up with enough stuff to make it worthwhile. Ben Blau...

02/03/2006, by 0 replies
  Message number: 23743

Wow, thank you. I'm still exploring this new forum system, and I'm not sure what a room is. Can you enlighten me? Ben Blau...

02/02/2006, by 0 replies
  Message number: 23740

Ben, You seem to be a good contributor, and your advices seem pretty interesting. Perhaps you should have your room, in which you could share lessons like...

02/02/2006, by 0 replies
  Message number: 23722

Welcome back Ben I always remember you as a valuable contributor to the site - especially on the old site. Good to have you around again!...

02/01/2006, by 0 replies
  Message number: 23701

In fact you posted it twice. If you hit "refresh" or "reload" it doubles up the message. If you want to see your messages in a room ...

02/01/2006, by 0 replies
  Message number: 23699

Welcome back Ben!...

02/01/2006, by 0 replies
  Quartal Permutations

The interval of 4 has "uppertone" harmonic i.e the sound walk wider tone after tone. Ellington make somthing af the 4 ind 30. Tak i.e a CMa...

11/03/2005, by 0 replies
  Message number: 19406

Terrtian harmony is achieved by stacking major and minor 3rds, quartal harmony is made of stacking 4ths.

09/28/2005, by 0 replies
  Suggestion--and Question

I'm pretty new to this site and mostly self-taught. I understand chord progredssions, scale and chord formulas and the basics of musical notation. So I und...

09/28/2005, by 0 replies
  Message number: 19315

Since the natural sign does not exist on a qwerty keyboard, I was obliged to use the # sign to denote a natural sign. I suppose I could've used "na...

09/24/2005, by 0 replies
  Question About Quartal Permutations

7 wrote: b3 = min 3rd interval above root b7 = min 7th interval above root #7 = Maj 7th interval above root Wouldn't a #7 be the tonic an octave a...

09/23/2005, by 0 replies
  Message number: 17617

[sf]Instead of using the usual chord voicings over a ii-V7-I progression, this article gives a great number of substitute voicing possiblities to be used i...

08/15/2005, by 0 replies
  Quartal Permutations over ii-V7-I Progressions, by "7"

This I do not undertand. Doing fine until I hit this page. Could you explain Quartal Permutations over ii-V7-I Progressions, by "7" and how ...

08/15/2005, by 0 replies
  Why not?

Seems like a good label for it! Thanks!...

08/01/2005, by 0 replies
  Message number: 17099

[sf]I always called that the "double sus" position. That's because it has the elements of both a sus2 and a sus4. Leaving out the third mak...

07/30/2005, by 0 replies
  Another example

[sf]McCoy uses Ab,Bb,Db,Eb, as a block chord right hand within this same composition above, over a Eb bass note. Here again we can stack the notes in a qua...

07/30/2005, by 0 replies
  Quartels

[sf]McCoy Tyner should probably get some mention here! Just one of McCoy's use of quartel harmony, is his combining quartel harmonic notes within one han...

07/30/2005, by 0 replies
  Hello

Hi to all! I don't know how to make jazz voicings Can anyone help me or give some models or some principles Thanks...

03/31/2005, by 0 replies
  Message number: 12049

Plese go to search engine (upwards) and write: "quartal voicings" selecting "files". It will help a lot.

03/18/2005, by 0 replies
  Quartals

hello i am from Cape Verde Islands and i am learning blues and jazz and i would like to know how to use this CHORDS SEQUENCE with CORECT quartals 1- Cm ...

03/18/2005, by 0 replies
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