i just don't get it. what is an upper structur. where do i use it and what is it for. can you give examples ? also tunes where they are used.

thx folks !
There are 4 comments, leave a comment.
9ths, 11ths and 13ths are the upper structures.

they are added for color. they do not change the quality of the chord (major, minor, dominant, diminished, half-diminished).

9ths can be natural, raised or lowered.

11ths can be natural (perfect), or raised (augmented).

13ths can be natural or lowered.
this is another one of those topics thats' been dealt with a lot over here................use "search" above to get this-

searching all threads for: upper structures  
the piano lounge  
01/03/2006 ... extensions 12 (1) upper structures 13 ... 22720  
03/26/2006 ... structure. in practice, upper structures can be useful... 25629  
03/27/2006 ... mean, but polychords and upper structures are really... 25698  
03/28/2006 ... one could certainly play upper structures, but these... 25732  
03/28/2006 ... my common application of upper structures is not even... 25737  
04/01/2006 ... extensions," or "parallel upper structures." for... 25918  
09/14/2006 ...i'm learning about upper structures, and have a few... 29813  
09/14/2006 ... quality of chord can take upper structures. 2. people... 29818  
09/14/2006 ... other systems are drop 2, upper structures, fourth voicings,... 29823  
02/06/2007 ... up the comping play the upper structures with the... 32906  
03/22/2007 ... options i am considering: upper structures, rootless... 34122  
09/18/2007 ...for more info re-upper structures(aka "slash chords&... 37143  
09/27/2007 ... of that kind, i know some upper structures too. i want... 37294  
11/01/2007 ...... of that kind, i know some upper structures ... 38179  
11/01/2007 ... 11ths and 13ths are the upper structures. they... 38186
in addition to what 7 said, there's the concept of upper structure voicings.  
could be defined as any major or minor triad on top of a tritone. except those triads that contain notes 1/2 above the tritone.  

so for example i was trying to transcribe aebersold on autumn leaves. you know how it goes gm7 then sometimes g7. i couldn't make sense of what he played. turned out to be  
f b eb ab b
which is an ab- triad over f-b tritone.
the rest of the a section he was playing more or less standard rootless voicings. i guess he added this for color.
check this out for some discussion and example on upper structure usage

https://pianologist.com/2007/10/30/learn-how-to-play-solo-piano-version-of-on-green-dolphin-street/

here's an article on upper structure

https://www.humboldt1.com/~jazz/us.html
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